篇名

未成年子女之父母拒絕醫療同意時的法律因應   免費試閱

並列篇名

When Parents Refuse Consent to Treatment for Their Minor Children: Possible Legal Measures

作者
中文摘要

未成年病人對具體醫療行為尚未具備同意能力時,須由其父母替子女為醫療選擇,惟父母可能基於宗教信仰或其他理由拒絕醫療同意。日本近年來,父母拒絕醫療同意導致危害子女權益之案例頻起,學界將此稱作「醫療忽視」,定位為一種兒童虐待加以探討,法院實務則已發展出對此進行迅速介入的因應方式。反觀臺灣相關法制,法院於此類情形能否為迅速、有效介入,將會有不少障礙。本文擬介紹日本相關討論及法院實務案例,並檢討臺灣法上可能的因應方式及其困境。

英文摘要

When a minor patient does not possess the competency to consent to a particular medical treatment, his or her parents have right to make medical choice in the interest of their child. However, parents may refuse medical consent on the basis of their religious belief or other reasons. In Japan, in recent years, court cases in which parents’ denial of medical consent leads to harm the right and interest of child have been reported. These cases are referred as “medical neglect” and classified to one of the types of child abuse. Japanese Court practice has already developed a legal measure to intervene promptly. On the other hand, if Taiwanese courts face similar cases, there will be many obstacles which will make difficult for courts to intervene promptly and effectively. This article intends to introduce related discussions and court practice in Japan, further review possible measures and difficulties in Taiwanese law.

起訖頁

156-176

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062018070021010  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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