篇名

公共衛生緊急狀態與行政法上的例外法制   免費試閱

並列篇名

The State of Emergency in Public Health and the Exceptional Regulations in Administrative Law

作者
中文摘要

新型特殊冠狀肺炎或所謂嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎病毒的傳播,在法律制度中所造成的衝擊全面且難以應對。行政法制對於緊急狀態雖設有一般性原理原則,但基本上均係存在於個別之行政案件中。同時憲法緊急命令制度,仍繫諸於決定權者的政治判斷。因此在行政法總論與公共衛生法制上,面對疫情的緊急狀態,勢必給予行政機關權宜作為之空間,且解釋上應予以放寬。同時為避免濫權,應定期檢驗其有效性及合理性;行政機關之權宜作為時,亦應當有專業人士的合意決策。

英文摘要

It is a great shock to the legal system by COVID-19 or the spread of so-called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, which made it hard to react. Even though there might be some general principles for emergency in the Administrative Law, they belong to individual administrative cases. Moreover, the regulation for emergency in Constitution depends on the political decision of the decision-maker. Therefore, it is necessary to give the administrative agencies the possibility for the discretion in the field of the general theory of Administrative Law and of Public Health concerning to emergency due to the pandemic. The review of the norm-interpretating should be loose as well. Meanwhile, in order to avoid abusing rights, an regular examination on its validity and rationality should also be performed. Besides, administrative discretion should be made from the consensus decision by specialists.

起訖頁

049-059

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062021040054005  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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