The Concept Definition, Right Attribute and Legislative Model of Death with Dignity from the Perspective of Civil Code
Modern medicine, and especially nursing, has made it unnecessary for terminally ill patients to seek euthanasia to end their painful lives in order to preserve their dignity at the end of life. With the majority of countries in the world having a negative attitude toward euthanasia, death with dignity is a sufficient substitute for euthanasia in both medical and legal terms. Therefore, the enactment of a law on death with dignity, based on a clear definition of what death with dignity should mean, demonstrates the respect of a country’s law for the dignity of the dying patient. Article 1002 of the Civil Code reveals the legal nature of the right to die with dignity of a natural person, from an interpretive point of view, can be used as the basis of civil law norms for death with dignity legislation. This legal norm, as an invocative norm, together with the special legal norm of death with dignity, constitutes the legal normative system of the death with dignity regime.