篇名

法律變更對成人監護制度之精神鑑定實務的影響【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Impact on Implementation of Forensic Psychiatric Examination after the Amendments of Adult Custody System

作者
中文摘要

我國為保護行為能力不足的成年人之法律規範,於2008年前係採取禁治產制度,之後改為成人監護制度,從認定受禁治產人無行為能力,到認定行為能力之缺損存有程度差別,應依能力缺損之程度,採行監護或保護的措施,而對受監護宣告者亦非完全剝奪其行為能力,在其就醫、就養等重要事項,監護人仍須尊重其意願。在成人監護制度的程序保障上,修正前家事事件法第167條承繼民事訴訟法第602條規範之精神,並就鑑定人之資格加以定義;修正後家事事件法第167條賦予法官是否於鑑定人前訊問應受監護宣告人之裁量空間,並要求應有書面報告。精神鑑定作為評估應受監護人之心智狀態是否達到法定須接受監護的標準之重要方法,本文將探討在成人監護制度的實體法與程序法的變動下,司法精神鑑定在實務執行上受到的影響。

英文摘要

In order to protect the adults with insufficient capacity, our country adopted the interdiction system before 2008 and then changed to the adult custody system. The change allows the different degree from total guardianship to partially assists the incapable according to the severity of mental deficit. Regarding the procedural protection of the adult custody system, Article 167 of Family Affairs Law defined the qualifications of the expert, and later Article 167 of the Family Affairs Law was amended to give the judge more space to decide to interrogated the declarant of guardianship before the expert and required a written report from the expert witness. Forensic psychiatric examination is an important method to assess whether the mental capacity of the examinee meets the statutory standard. This article will discuss the impact on implementation of forensic psychiatric examination after the changes in the substantive and procedural laws of the adult custody system.

起訖頁

047-060

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021090059004  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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