篇名

人格疾患之加害人處遇與監護處分【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

Treatment and Guardianship for Offender of Personality Disorders

作者
中文摘要

緣於某些類型的人格疾患並未伴隨妄想、幻覺等精神病徵,但其內在經驗與行為外觀卻又偏離文化背景預期的樣態,致使精神疾病不易予以定義,繼而連帶造成精神診斷及司法處遇之困擾。此外,反社會人格疾患雖有類似精神異常的樣貌,惟該類疾患被排除在現行精神衛生法之外,因而不得適用強制住院及社區治療等措施。然而臺灣嘉義地方法院對臺鐵殺警案判決被告無罪並施以監護處分5年,引發社會安全網破口的抨擊。法務部為此擬將監護期限修為不定期,亦猶恐違憲。鑑此,本文爰就反社會人格疾患之特殊性及其應負之刑事責任提出檢討,並引述日本強化社會安全網之模式,提出加害人處遇及監護處分之應然面向,建言修訂精神衛生法、刑法以及保安處分執行法,以維社會防衛及社會復歸之平衡。

英文摘要

Certain types of personality disorders are not accompanied by psychiatric symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations, but their internal experience and appearance of behavior deviate from the expected pattern of cultural background, so the definition is not easy, and it will cause psychiatric diagnosis and judicial treatment. In addition, although antisocial personality disorders have a similar appearance of mental abnormalities, they are excluded from the current mental health law. Therefore, measures such as compulsory hospitalization and community treatment cannot be applied. However, the defendant of the Police Killed in Taiwan Railway case had thus been found not guilty and guardianship for 5 years sentenced by the Chiayi District Court on charges. So being criticized for creating a breach in the social safety network. For this reason, the Ministry of Justice proposes to revise the guardianship period for an unlimited period, which may also to violate the Constitution. In view of this, this article reviews the particularity of antisocial personality disorders and the criminal responsibility they should bear. In order to maintain the balance of social defense and society rehabilitation, it also quoted the Japanese models on strengthening social safety nets, and put forward suggestions that amend the relevant provisions of the Mental Health Law, the Criminal Law and the Security Measures Enforcement Law for offender treatment and guardianship.

起訖頁

019-032

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021110061002  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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