Analysis of the Logical Mechanism of the Rule of Law in Vaccine Regulation in the Context of Public Interest
Although the reform of the medicine regulatory system with the fundamental purpose of reducing administrative costs and improving administrative efficiency has been carried out frequently, the result is nowhere near satisfactory. There is still a gap between the actual effect and the expected goal of the reform, and no effective corrective measure has been taken in the legal system matched with the reform. The reason mainly falls into two parts. On the one hand, the liability subject of the problem vaccine is very simple, which detracts from the efficiency of the reform of the food and medicine supervision system. On the other hand, there is no corresponding legal system to regulate the grassroots supervision. When taking further consideration, we will find the root cause is that the public goods attributes of vaccines has been ignored and that the fact that the public goods providers are special and single has been overlooked. To prevent the lack of vaccine supervision and enhance the credibility of the government, it is an effective way to rationally define the liability subject of vaccine supervision, implement a vertical linear management model, and identify a diverse form of responsibility. In this process, we must take the traits and logical mechanisms of public goods as the basis for improving the legitimacy of the vaccine regulatory system and the “principal-agent” mode as the main line of logic of the system design.