篇名

法院未採納責任能力鑑定結論之原因分析【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

Why Did the Courts Not Accept the Psychiatric Evaluations of Criminal Responsibility?

作者
中文摘要

現有研究與文獻指出,刑事精神鑑定結論受法院採納之一致性通常接近95%,然而重大刑案鑑定受法院採納情形則顯有不同。本文試圖分析重大刑案鑑定未受各級法院採納之原因。綜合法院未採納之原因,可分為:一、法院認為除鑑定所見之,另有較為嚴重之精神疾病;二、精神障礙程度之強弱認定;三、鑑定方法或鑑定條件較為深入充分;四、是否符合自行招致之認定要件。被告行為時、行為後的整體表現,都是法院判斷精神障礙程度的推論依據;鑑定的推論前提,也會受到法院檢視。法院對於辨識能力與控制能力的見解,需要進一步的討論釐清。雖與責任能力鑑定無關,然而國際公約所稱之精神障礙不得以判處死刑之解釋,其中精神障礙如何定義,將成為量刑時的爭議重點。

英文摘要

Existing research and literature point out that the concordance of forensic psychiatric evaluations accepted by the court is usually close to 95%. Meanwhile, the concordance between the forensic evaluations and the courts for major criminal cases is significantly different. This article analyzes why the courts have not adopted the forensic psychiatric evaluations of major criminal cases. The reasons for the dis-concordance be summarized as follows. First, the court believes besides the evaluation findings, and there are other serious mental illnesses. Second, there are different opinions about the severity of the mental disorder. Third, the courts argue that evaluations measures or conditions should be more thorough and sufficient. Finally, there are different opinions about self-induced insanity. The defendant behaviors during and after the act are the basis for the courts to judge the degree of mental disorder. Also, the court will review the premise of the inference of the forensic evaluations. The courts’ opinions on cognitive ability and volitional ability need to be discussed and clarified further. Although not related directly with the forensic report on responsibility, the international Convention that the death penalty cannot punish people with mental disabilities. The definition of mental disability will become the focus of controversy when sentencing.

起訖頁

034-046

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021090059003  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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