篇名

健保卡註記之正當性與隱私權保護【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Legitimacy and Privacy Protection of National Health Insurance Card Note

作者
中文摘要

個人自主控制個人資料之資訊隱私權,自司法院釋字第603號解釋後獲得確認,健保卡存放資料的範圍與健保卡製發目的自應具備合理正當之關聯,以避免對資訊隱私權構成過度之違憲侵害。人類免疫缺乏病毒傳染防治及感染者權益保障條例(下稱HIV感染者保障條例)第12條第1項前段的揭露義務應解釋為有限的就醫時揭露義務,不及於廣泛的一般性揭露義務,若僅以現行之健保卡資料管理辦法第6條,加上HIV感染者保障條例第12條第1項為依據,作為將感染狀況加入健保卡註記之內容,恐不符合我國現行憲法保障之隱私權標準,且易導致受感染者不當遭受歧視。

英文摘要

The Taiwan Constitutional Court has recognized the right to information self-determination in Interpretation No. 603. The scope of data storage on national health insurance cards should be rationally related to the purpose of the issuance of national health insurance cards, preventing unconstitutional infringement on information privacy rights. The patient’s disclosure obligation of the first sentence, Section 1, Article 12 of the HIV Infection Control and Patient Rights Protection Act (HIV/AIDS Act) should be interpreted as limited disclosure obligations during seeking medical advice, not extending to general disclosure obligations. If Article 6 of Regulations Governing the Production and Issuance of the National Health Insurance IC Card and Data Storage, and Section 1, Article 12 of HIV/AIDS Act are the legal basis for adding the infection status to the health insurance card note, it may not meet the privacy standard guaranteed by the Constitution, and easily lead to wrongful discrimination against the infected.

起訖頁

007-019

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021120062001  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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