篇名

特殊傳染性肺炎疫情下有關口罩取締與裁罰管轄權之爭議【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Disputation between the Jurisdiction for the Order Wearing a Face Mask and for the Penalty during the Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens

作者
中文摘要

立法院制定嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎防治及紓困振興特別條例(下稱嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎特別條例),以措施法性質,授予疫情中心指揮官幾無限制之權力,加上其交叉適用傳染病防治法,疫情指揮官所為之緊急應變措施,處處踰越法律之授權,實與法律保留原則有違。但疫情一直持續未見終止,嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎特別條例本屬暫時緊急性法律,有無繼續存在之必要,值得探究。地方政府也運用嚴重特殊傳染病肺炎特別條例充分授權,委任警察機關裁處權,警察機關幾乎成為主管機關之執行工具,似有違管轄恆定原則。行政機關缺乏執行力,長久以來一直未改善之問題,有待提出根本解決之道。

英文摘要

According to the Special Act for Prevention, Relief and Revitalization Measures for Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens (following: the Special Act for Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens) which was legislated by Legislative Yuan, the commander of Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) was authorized with almost unlimited authority by means of the measure law. Additionally, Communicable Disease Control Act was applied crossly. The emergent measures the commander of CECC went beyond the authorization from the laws and might break the nondelegation doctrine. Meanwhile, the pandemic is continued and bares of end. it would be worth to analyze whether the Special Act for Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens which belongs to a temporary legislation for the emergency would be necessary to be valid continually. With the fully authorization from the Special Act for Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens, the local governments appoint the penalty prescription to the police agency. it seems that the police agency became the executive tool for the competent authority and that the doctrine of unchangeable authorization would be broken. it might be a problem with solution for a lang time that the administrative agency lacks execution and it is looking forward to a complete solution.

起訖頁

059-070

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021100060004  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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