篇名

聽見他們的聲音──法學實證研究方法對探索醫療法領域之啟發【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

Listen Their Voice: The Inspiration of Legal Empirical Research in Medical Law

作者
中文摘要

對於醫療法領域之探討,傳統法學研究方法,大多從法律體系之解釋著手,嚴格的邏輯推演固有其必要與價值,但總是難以窺見法律實踐過程的真實面貌。法學研究如果脫離社會生活經驗,恐怕會減損法律定紛止爭的規範功能。醫療法領域的研究,如能跳脫傳統法學研究方法,採取法學實證研究的取徑,或許可能開展不同的視野。

以告知說明義務為例,究竟是醫師自己或是患者本人,應對「醫師已盡醫療法上之告知說明義務」之事實負舉證責任?此議題在法律體系的探討上,可能陷入甲說、乙說或是丙說的爭議。但是從實證研究的觀點而言,觀察法學實踐的應然面與實然面,最後提出可能的解決方向,或許才是根本之道。是以,本文將以告知說明義務為例,簡介法學實證研究方法,希能對探索醫療領域帶來不同的啟發。

英文摘要

In the medical law, most of the traditional legal research methods are based on the interpretation of the legal system. Strict logical deduction is necessary and valuable, but it is always difficult to see the real face of the legal practice. If legal research is detached from social life experience, the regulatory function of law to settle disputes might be diminished. If the research in medical law can break away from the traditional legal research methods and adopt the path of empirical legal research, it may be possible to develop a different vision.

Take the duty to inform as an example. Should the doctor or the patient himself bear the burden of proof for the fact that “the doctor has fulfilled the duty to inform and explain in the medical law”? This issue may be caught in the controversy of different opinions in the study of the legal system. However, from the viewpoint of empirical research, it may be fundamental to observe the legal practice which ought to be and which actually is, and finally propose a possible solution. Therefore, this essay would introduce the legal empirical research method, using the example of the duty to inform, in the hope that it will bring different inspirations to explore the medical legal field.

起訖頁

007-019

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062022060068001  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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