篇名

食品安全的守門員:從食品安全查核檢驗制度與認驗證制度談起   免費試閱

並列篇名

Defending Food Safety: Inspection, Accreditation, and Certification

作者
中文摘要

臺灣食品安全管理體系在多次經歷食安危機後已進行大幅修正,納入業者自主管理,並建立從認驗證單位稽核到政府查核抽驗之食品安全三級品管管理模式。但就查驗與認驗證機制而言,卻仍存在法律用語混淆且內涵重疊、管制架構重複交錯、利益衝突規範不明確、查驗執行手段有限、政府過度介入認驗證體系等問題。本文藉由檢視美國食品安全查驗與認驗證制度,反饋思考臺灣食品安全管理體系之可能問題與挑戰,以作為未來修法與執法之參考。

英文摘要

Due to the exponential increase of food safety incidents in recent years, public criticism and distrust over government’s regulatory failure of food safety regime has rapidly multiplied in Taiwan. The crisis has been responded with the adoption of major amendments to the Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation. Key points of the amendment include encouraging and supervising food industry self-regulation, building capacity for strengthened food safety management measures, and establishing the three-tier quality control system for the safety of food products. However, when bringing together all three sides─self-management by food businesses, certifications by independent institutions, and inspections by the government─in an effort to ensure food safety, the Act fails to properly clarify the roles and functions of inspection, accreditation, certification, and their complicated interactions in the food safety regulatory framework. The Act also fails to adequately address the issues concerning conflict of interest, regime enforcement, and overreliance on the government in the accreditation and certification system. In light of food safety inspection, accreditation, and certification, this article conducted a comparative analysis of food safety legal regimes in the U.S and Taiwan, and provided some suggestions for Taiwan future legal development concerning food safety.

起訖頁

191-219

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062017040006013  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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