Pregnant Woman Died of Eclampsia Because of Inadequate Management of Hypertension
A pregnant woman was in hospital for monitoring and controlling her pregnancy-induced hypertension. But at the end, the woman died of eclampsia with HELLP syndrome. Her family members believed that the hospital was responsible for inadequate control of her pregnancy hypertension, was late for performing cesarean section while she was giving birth, and didn’t give her a proper postpartum care. According to the management errors mentioned above, they filed a lawsuit against the hospital for damages. In the first instance, the Nagoya District Court determined that the hospital made no mistakes about monitoring the patient’s pregnancy hypertension or the timing of cesarean section. However, there were no administration of antihypertensive agents and no blood tests for the women after giving birth. Furthermore, they gave only one-sixth to one-third of standard dose during the treatment of eclampsia. All these showed that the hospital had acted in violation of duty of care. As for the amount of compensation for damage, multiple factors should taken into account: because the patient died at the age of 31, the potential years of work were 36 years; her annual income was 2,151,079 yen, with a 35% deduction rate for living costs; her possible kidney disease would affect her future employability, the loss of the benefits was 90% of the above amount. The court finally ordered the hospital to pay the patient’s husband and son 41,034,557 yen for each, and to pay both of her parents 1.1 million yen.