篇名

國際法規範下的A型流感疫情與防備

並列篇名

Influenza A (H1N1) and Pandemic Preparedness Under the Rule of International Law

中文摘要

2009年源於墨西哥並進而擴散到全球的一種新型A型流感(H1N1)病毒,可說是世界衛生組織於2005年修正國際衛生條例後,驗證其施行成效後的一個機會。然而許多國家政府在過往的急性呼吸道綜合症候群(SARS)因應經驗下,所採取者,並非出於科學上之考量,乃係出於恐懼或自身的經濟及政治利益下之行動。在此情況下,墨西哥人民成為污名與歧視的受害者,許多嚴重的全球健康正義問題相應而生。面對這些由於傳染病疫情所引出人們與政府之不理性的恐懼及歧視行為,此時最重要的,就是有一套以科學為基礎的國際體系架構,以充分的經費投入在研究及公共衛生上,並要求行為須合於國際法之規範。

英文摘要

In 2009, a novel strain of influenza A (H1N1) spread rapidly through Mexico and then spans the globe, where gave World Health Organization a chance to examine the effectiveness of the revised International Health Regulations (2005). Reminiscent of past responses to SARS, however, many governments are acting out of fear or economic and political self-interest rather than out of scientific reason. As Mexicans have become subject to stigma and discrimination, above all there are serious questions of global justice. Epidemics often bring out irrational fears and discriminatory behaviors among individuals and governments. It is all the more important, therefore, to have an international system guided by science that has adequate funding for research and public health and that conforms to the rule of international law.

起訖頁

071-083

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062017060008005  複製DOI  DOI查詢

QRCode

備註

本文譯自Lawrence O. Gostin, Influenza A (H1N1) and Pandemic Preparedness Under the Rule of International Law, 301(22) JAMA 2376-2378 (2009).

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