篇名

人類與動物嵌合體研究限制解禁的是與非   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Controversy Involving Animal-human Chimera for Scientific Research

中文摘要

美國國立衛生研究院於2016年宣布解除將人類幹細胞引入到動物胚胎的嵌合體研究之贊助禁令,除了一些特殊研究仍受到禁止外,相關研究的資金贊助將會透過設立評審小組進行倫理審查並監督資金的使用。「人類與動物胚胎之間的界線在哪裡?」這個問題使得嵌合體的研究極具爭議性,如何在促進研究發展與維護倫理道德之間作出平衡,是相當大的考驗。

英文摘要

With recent advances in stem cell and gene editing technologies, an increasing number of researchers are interested in growing human tissues and organs in animals by introducing pluripotent human cells into early animal embryos. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) of United States used to prohibit introducing human pluripotent cells into nonhuman primate blastocysts and the breeding of animals into which human pluripotent cells may have contributed to the germ line (egg or sperm cells). However, this moratorium has been lifted in 2016. Some scientists think it is a step in the right direction, while some feel this use of chimera crosses an ethical line.

起訖頁

184-193

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062017060008012  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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