篇名

日本醫療觀察法中強制入院規定合法性之釋憲   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Judicial Review about the Legitimacy of Norms of Compulsory Administration According to the Act of Medical Observation in Japan

作者
中文摘要

本件受處遇者為心神喪失與精神耗弱者,適用於醫療觀察法,須接受強至入院醫療。原告主張該法之立法目的、法條規定與處遇要件等,皆欠缺合理性,已違反憲法第14條、第22條第1款、第31條等規定。最高法院認為醫療觀察法之立法目的,係為確保因心神喪失等情況而對他人進行嚴重加害行為者,能接受持續且適切之醫療,其目的可說正當。又為改善精神障礙,避免加害行為再度發生,由法院決定採入院治療、通院治療或不治療,如此對應之處理乃屬必要且合理。再者,醫療觀察法之審判程序在該法中明文諸項權利,包含陳述意見權、提出資料權、紀錄及證物閱覽權、抗告權,以及提出出院請求與終止醫療之申請權等,可認該法在程序保障上相當充分。

英文摘要

The treated in this case was insane and feebleminded and must be sent to compulsory admission according to Act of Medical Observation. The plaintiff complained that there was no legitimacy to the purpose, regulations and the elements of treatments in this disputed norm which was against the Act 14, 22 section 1 and 31 in Constitution. The supreme court confirmed that Act of Medical Observation was aimed to make sure that anyone who was insane and could injure others could have continuous and proper medical treatments. It would be legitimate with this kind of purpose. It would be necessary and reasonable that the court makes decisions about admission, appointments or non-treatments to improve the mental disorders, and to avoid any possibility of injuries. Furthermore, there have been many rights as norms in the procedure of judgment in Act of Medical Observation, such as the right to express opinions, the right to submit materials, the right to read records and evidence, the right to appeal, the right to apply discharge from hospital and the right to terminate medical treatments, etc. The guarantee of the procedure would be sufficient consequently.

起訖頁

113-118

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062018080022009  複製DOI  DOI查詢

QRCode

數位整合服務
產品服務
讀者服務專線:+886-2-23756688   傳真:+886-2-23318496   地址:臺北市館前路28號7樓

Copyright © 元照出版 All rights reserved. 版權所有,禁止轉貼節錄
TOP