篇名

食安法第46條之1打擊假新聞犯罪之評析   免費試閱

並列篇名

Comment on the Crime of Fake News according to Paragraph 46a Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation

作者
中文摘要

假新聞或假消息問題近年來在臺灣非常嚴重,尤其自塑化劑、毒澱粉與劣質油品等食品安全風暴接連發生以來,食品議題儼然成為民眾關心的焦點,而食品相關假消息的擴散更是容易引起社會恐懼。一般民眾對於食品安全缺乏認識,資訊來源往往得自媒體或網路,一旦有食品安全疑慮的相關報導,便容易引起眾人恐慌,故此次修法增訂食品安全衛生管理法第46條之1,針對散播有關食品安全之謠言或不實訊息而足生損害於公眾或他人者,設有刑事責任,應能相當程度維護食品安全。不過,該規定仍有食品安全的定義不明確、體例與過往立法不同、僅限處罰自然人,以及適用上可能與食品安全衛生管理法第28條混淆之疑慮等。本文認為,針對法人的制裁應可參照德國社交網路執行法的相關規定,方得以周全。

英文摘要

The problems about fake news or fake issues is recently serious in Taiwan. In the respect of food safety, the spread of fake news could be the source of fear to the society. It lacks knowing about the food safety by the public, while media or the internet are normally the sources for the knowing to them. Once there was a doubtful report about the food safety, it could lead the public into panic. Therefore, it should protect the food safety to a considerable degree greatly that the paragraph 46a Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation was amended which aimed to against the crime of fake news. Nevertheless, the unclear definition about the food safety, the different structure from the norms in the past, the punishment which only focuses on the legal person, and a possible confusion with the paragraph 28 Act Governing Food Safety and Sanitation during its application are the problems for this norm. Comparing with the related norms in Network Enforcement Act in Germany (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz) could lead a proper result according to the opinion in this article.

起訖頁

068-078

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062019110037006  複製DOI  DOI查詢

QRCode

數位整合服務
產品服務
讀者服務專線:+886-2-23756688   傳真:+886-2-23318496   地址:臺北市館前路28號7樓

Copyright © 元照出版 All rights reserved. 版權所有,禁止轉貼節錄
TOP