From Equality to Integration: An Overview of the Development of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Its Legal and Policy Challenges
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) was enacted in the 1990s, which prohibits discriminations based on disabilities in all fields of public life, including employment, education, public transportation, and all governmental or private places open to the public, for the purpose of letting disabled people enjoy rights and opportunities equally. The Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 further confirmed the broad approach of interpreting the definition of “disability” under the ADA. This article provides an overview of the development and the content of the ADA, as well as the challenges it faces today. Even if the antidiscrimination law has been existing and implemented, the social barriers hindering people with disabilities to effectively participate remain. The rights of disabilities have to further pursue social integration, rather than simply stopping at legal equality.