A Stady on the Predicaments Faced by Taiwan and Feasible Countermeasures of New Psychoactive Substances
The Executive Yuan’s “New Generation Anti-drug Strategy” (Phase two—2021-2024) has been determined as the first phase of the new-generation anti-drug strategy composed by “reducing drug supply,” “reducing drug demand” and “reducing drug harm,” and it is the secondary prevention mechanism for the new-generation anti-drug strategy. The Narcotics Hazard Prevention Act lacks the definition of the anti-drug competent authority. Although the Taiwan High Prosecutors Office is currently responsible for the coordinating and directing the six major anti-drug enforcement systems: Regional Prosecutors Offices, Investigation Bureau (Ministry of Justice), National Police Admonistration, Coast Guard Administration (Ocean Affairs Council), Republic of China Military Police, Customs Administration (Ministry of Finance) in order to strengthen the regional cooperation for the above different enforcement systems, the anti-drug intelligence information, investigation skills, and equipment resources still cannot fully share for each other and often lose the opportunities to clear up the anti-drug cases. The trading methods for the NPS by the organized crime groups are improving day by day, so the law enforcement officers of Taiwan anti-drug agencies need to have more profound anti-drug experiences and advanced scientific and technological identification authorities and experts to support clearing up the anti-drug cases. The Predicaments faced by Taiwan on cracking down the network channels of the NPS trafficking includes following dimensions: it cannot effectively prevent the proliferation of NPS due to the legal restrictions imposed on the criminal investigation procedures initiated by the Regional Prosecutors Offices, Investigation Bureau (Ministry of Justice), National Police Admonistration, Coast Guard Administration (Ocean Affairs Council), Republic of China Military Police, Customs Administration (Ministry of Finance), or the fear generated from the law enforcement officers for their own safety. In order to crack down on the channels of NPS and to effectively eliminate the number of NPS using, it is hoped and expected that the Proposed Draft on the “Science and Technology Investigation Act” will be submitted to the Parliament again and to passed it as soon as possible in order to crack down and to eliminate the NPS production, trafficking, and sales, and let Taiwan to be more and more rich and safe on the world.