篇名

重大醫療瑕疵與因果關係之舉證責任─最高法院106年度台上字第227號判決簡評   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Burden of Proof about the Serious Medical Fault and the Causal Relationship: Comment on Judgment No. 227 (2017) of the Supreme Court

作者
中文摘要

在醫療訴訟案件,臺灣司法實務並非完全不加任何要件,即一概要求醫方負擔舉證責任,然在何種情形下構成民事訴訟法第277條但書所稱之「顯失公平」,而具有舉證責任轉換之必要,近年來已逐漸積累成為案例類型,從兼顧醫病雙方利益的角度來觀察,此舉值得肯定。最高法院106年度台上字第227號判決首度以「重大醫療瑕疵」作為因果關係舉證責任轉換之事由,引起矚目,本文將闡述德國實務與學說所發展之「重大醫療瑕疵原則」,以及相關立法,並說明在德國如何認定醫療瑕疵是否重大,而就臺灣最高法院之上開判決予以評析。

英文摘要

According to the legal practice, the medical personnel have no burden of proof in medical lawsuits, unless the requirements were fulfilled. What the “manifestly unfair” according to the paragraph 277 Civil Procedure Law is, and it, therefore, would be necessary to let the another part has the burden of proof, have become a typical type of cases. It is worth on the view of the interest between the medical personnel and the patients. The judgment No. 277 (2017) of the supreme court sets the serious medical fault as the requirement of shifting the burden of proof of the causal relationship for the first time. The “principle of serious medical fault” which was developed by the legal practice and theories in Germany and the regulations would be introduced in this article; it would be explained, how a serious medical fault in Germany be presumed could. It would be a criterion of the comment on the former judgment.

起訖頁

096-110

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062017080010008  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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