篇名

【醫療民事法】哈姆立克法急救案:醫療義務產生的事由   免費試閱

並列篇名

Act of Heimlich Maneuver: Reasons for the Duty of Medical Treatments

作者
中文摘要

護理人員的業務範圍包括對病人執行護理評估、護理措施、護理指導、護理諮詢與醫療輔助行為等,「注意病人進食情形」乃屬護理評估範疇。護理人員在執行上開業務時違反注意義務致生損害於病人,應負損害賠償責任。本件護理師於照護有咀嚼困難之病人的進食過程中,未立即發現病人進食發生哽塞情形,遭一、二審法院判斷護理師有違反「隨時、密切」注意病人進食情形的注意義務以及急救無效等過失,上訴後由最高法院廢棄、發回更審,並經更(一)高等法院另為無過失判決。本件護理師是否違反注意義務及急救義務,涉及過失的核心概念,即結果預見可能性與結果迴避可能性,本文將就原因事實與判決理由進行說明,並參照臺灣學說與司法實務見解,從客觀預見可能性、客觀結果迴避可能性、作為可能性與急救義務等角度,評釋更(一)高等法院所為關於臺大分院案護理師就病人進食情形之注意義務及急救義務的法律見解之妥適性。

英文摘要

The occupational activities of the nursing staff include the evaluation to the patient, nursing treatments, nursing advise, nursing consulting and other medical assisted treatments. The eating-situation of the patient would be one of the evaluation to the patient. Nursing staff have the responsibility of compensation for the damage, if the occupational activities didn’t follow due diligence and the patient was injured as the result. A Nurse in the disputed case didn’t notice that the patient was choking during eating, since the patient had problems with masticating. The first and the second instance of courts confirmed that the nurse was against due diligence that the situation of the patient should be noticed “at any time” and “closely” and therefore had the fault. After appealing, the judgment was abolished and the disputed case was remanded. Than judgement that the nurse had no fault in this case was made by the first remanded court. The issue whether the nurse against due diligence and the duty of emergence is about the core concept of fault, i.e. possibility of foresight and of consequence-avoiding. Starting with explanation of the actual situation and justification, this article would comment the remanded judgement with reference of theories and legal practice, especially focusing on possibility of foresight, of consequence-avoiding and of act, whether the justification in this judgement was proper.

起訖頁

064-086

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062018060020006  複製DOI  DOI查詢

QRCode

數位整合服務
產品服務
讀者服務專線:+886-2-23756688   傳真:+886-2-23318496   地址:臺北市館前路28號7樓

Copyright © 元照出版 All rights reserved. 版權所有,禁止轉貼節錄
TOP