The Labor Challenge of the Silver Generation and Evaluation of Employment Law of Middle-Aged and Elderly People
Taiwan has faced a double-edge population tsunami: a collision between the declining birthrates and aging society. In view of the reality that the trend of declining birthrate is difficult to reverse, how to successfully deal with the challenges which were brought about by the aging population of labor force will surely depend upon precautionary policies. The legislation for Employment Law of Middle-Aged and Elderly People turns out not only to help middle-aged and elderly people continue to work or reemploy, in order to meet their various needs, whether it is economic security, social participation or spiritual satisfaction, but also assist enterprises in planning, adapting and effectively utilizing the functions of middle-aged and elderly people, and to meet the manpower requirements for business operations. Statistics and research show that labor market participation rate of middle-aged and elderly people is quite low, almost the lowest one compared with other well-developed countries, indicating that there is still room for improvements in the developments of labor force of middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. Research suggests that the low labor force participation is closely related to family care responsibility, poor health condition and lack of friendly workplace. Therefore, the paper focuses on these three points. However, relevant arguments for the redress measures have been insufficient, most of which being moral declarations, or excessively relying on subsidies, both proving unable to tackle the crux of continuing employment and reemployment of the silverhaired group. It also failed to gain a deeper understanding into the challenges faced by companies who are more eager to solve the problems when silver-haired workers are outnumbered in the workplace.