篇名

日本B型肝炎感染之國賠集體訴訟案   免費試閱

並列篇名

Class Action of National Compensation for Hepatitis B Infection in Japan

作者
中文摘要

日本政府曾於1948年頒布預防接種法,規定全國6歲以下嬰幼兒必須集體接種B型肝炎疫苗,然因未明文禁止共用針頭,導致部分接受接種者感染B型肝炎,成年後併發慢性肝炎,受害者最後提出國賠訴訟。原告等人因不服和解方案的賠償資格之決定,遂提起本件訴訟;對於原告提出之主張,被告認為除斥期間已過,惟法院最後指出因為嬰幼兒期接種B型肝炎疫苗,以致感染慢性B型肝炎,除斥期間的起算點應為「抗原陰性慢性B型肝炎」發病之際,本件並未超過除斥期間,和解金額為1,250萬日圓。

英文摘要

The Japanese government promulgated the Vaccination Law in 1948. According to it, infants and young children under the age of 6 must be vaccinated with hepatitis B vaccine. However, because the shared needles are not expressly prohibited, some of the vaccinated people are infected with hepatitis B; chronic hepatitis are caused in adulthood, and the victims finally filed national compensation lawsuits. The plaintiff and others have filed this lawsuit, because they refused to accept the settlement plan about qualification of compensation. For the claim put forward by the plaintiff, the defendant believed that the period of peremption had passed, despite this, the court pointed certainly out that, because of the hepatitis B vaccine in infants and young childhood, those people are infected with chronic hepatitis B, therefore the starting point of the period of peremption should be the onset of “antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B”. This lawsuit did not exceed the period of peremption, and the settlement amount is 12.5 million Japanese yen.

起訖頁

110-117

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062019050031008  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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