篇名

長期照護機構的侵權責任與契約責任   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Tort Liability and Contractual Liability of Long-Term Care Institutions

作者
中文摘要

民法第184條規定之侵權責任,依法院現行實務見解,僅適用於自然人,並不適用於法人,法人無從依民法第184條規定負本身之侵權責任。長期照護機構(以下稱長照機構)之住民因長照機構人員之過失行為受有傷害時,該住民如依侵權責任規定主張其權利,必須以長照機構之受僱人有過失為前提,長照機構始連帶負損害賠償責任;住民若依債務不履行之法律關係主張其權利,長照機構應就長照機構人員之過失負同一責任,對住民所受之傷害應負債務不履行之損害賠償責任。本文擬介紹一則長照機構住民依民法第184條與第227條第1項規定請求長照機構負損害賠償責任之判決。

英文摘要

In accordance with the opinions of Taiwan courts, the tort liability is only applicable to natural persons under paragraph 184 Civil Code, while the juristic persons cannot hold liable for their own infringement under the same norm. When the residents of the long-term care organization (hereinafter referred to as the long-term care institution) are injured by the negligent behavior of nursing staffs in the institution, the residents can claim rights according to the tort liability, but they must be based on the negligence of the employee of the long-term care institution, then the institution will begin to bear joint and several liabilities for the damages. If the resident advocates the right according to the non-performance obligation in the legal relationship, the long-term care institution shall bear the same responsibility for the negligence of the staffs, and shall bear the liability for damage of the resident under nonperformance obligation. This article intends to introduce a judgment that the resident claim for compensation to the long-term care institution in accordance with paragraph 184 and paragraph 227 section 1 Civil Code.

起訖頁

119-123

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020020040009  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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