篇名

公共利益語境下的疫苗監管法治邏輯分析   免費試閱

並列篇名

Analysis of the Logical Mechanism of the Rule of Law in Vaccine Regulation in the Context of Public Interest

作者
中文摘要

以降低行政成本、提高行政效率為根本目的的藥品監管體制改革頻繁進行,但改革實效卻和監管制度改革的預期目標存在差距,與之配套的法律制度並未給予有效配合和矯正。問題疫苗責任主體的單一性減損了食藥監管體制改革的效率,基層監管的集線模式也未能有相應的法律制度安排進行約束和匡正,其根本原因是現行的法律制度設計忽視了疫苗的公共產品屬性,以及公共產品提供主體的特殊性和單一性。以公共產品的特質和邏輯機理作為完善疫苗監管法律制度的合法性和正當性的基礎,以「委託─代理」為邏輯主線,合理界定疫苗監管的責任主體,實行垂直監管模式,並確定多元化的責任形式是杜絕疫苗監管乏力的有效途徑,也是提升政府公信力的重要制度起點。

英文摘要

Although the reform of the medicine regulatory system with the fundamental purpose of reducing administrative costs and improving administrative efficiency has been carried out frequently, the result is nowhere near satisfactory. There is still a gap between the actual effect and the expected goal of the reform, and no effective corrective measure has been taken in the legal system matched with the reform. The reason mainly falls into two parts. On the one hand, the liability subject of the problem vaccine is very simple, which detracts from the efficiency of the reform of the food and medicine supervision system. On the other hand, there is no corresponding legal system to regulate the grassroots supervision. When taking further consideration, we will find the root cause is that the public goods attributes of vaccines has been ignored and that the fact that the public goods providers are special and single has been overlooked. To prevent the lack of vaccine supervision and enhance the credibility of the government, it is an effective way to rationally define the liability subject of vaccine supervision, implement a vertical linear management model, and identify a diverse form of responsibility. In this process, we must take the traits and logical mechanisms of public goods as the basis for improving the legitimacy of the vaccine regulatory system and the “principal-agent” mode as the main line of logic of the system design.

起訖頁

144-159

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020030041013  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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