篇名

隔離簡史:沉默年代的無聲黑白   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Brief History of Isolation: the Black and White Movie in the Silent Era

作者
中文摘要

隔離傳染病患者是人類面對瘟疫災難時的基本舉措。在西方歷史中,基督教的出現使隔離在很大程度上擺脫了放逐的意義。十三世紀以後,世俗的行政力量逐漸成為隔離的主要管控者,現代隔離檢疫制度就此確立。隨著醫學科學的發展,接觸感染理論被證明,隔離制度也獲得了科學意義上的解釋。在中國歷史中,隔離肇始於秦漢時期,發展於西晉時期,繁盛於兩宋時期。1910∼1911年的東北鼠疫大流行中,伍連德組織了以隔離檢疫為基礎的抗擊疫情行動,成效顯著。在Foucault看來,隔離的運行可能是現代社會權力規訓和權力網路化的早期演練,而隔離產生的歧視影響也應引起足夠的警惕。以史鑑今,未來的疫病隔離制度應更具科學和文明之屬性。

英文摘要

Isolating the patients with infectious diseases is an instinctive reaction of human being to the plague. In western history, after the emergence of Christianity, isolation had been largely changed from the meaning of exile. After the 13th century, the secular administrative force gradually became the main controller of isolation, and the modern quarantine isolation system was established. With the development of medical science, the theory of contact infection had been proved and the isolation had been scientifically explained. In Chinese history, isolation began in the Qin and Han Dynasties, developed in the Western Jin Dynasty and flourished in the two Song dynasties. During the northeast plague pandemic of 1910- 1911, Dr. Wu-liande had organized an anti-epidemic campaign based on quarantine isolation system, and the action had produced remarkable results. In Foucault’s view, the operation of the isolation may be an early exercise of discipline and power network in modern society. The discriminatory effects of the isolation should also be sufficiently alarming. According to the history, quarantine isolation system should be more scientific and civilized in the future.

起訖頁

118-128

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020040042010  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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