篇名

【醫療民事法】瑕疵同意下之兩側卵巢切除案:違反醫療上告知說明義務之侵權責任   免費試閱

並列篇名

Bilateral Oophorectomy without Patient’s True Consent: A Tort Liability Caused from Breaking the Medical Obligation to Disclose

作者
中文摘要

告知後同意之告知說明義務為司法及醫界近來所關注之議題,不僅深具倫理色彩,且在諸多醫療實務及評斷標準牽涉價值判斷之爭議。本件案例涉及醫師並未充分告知手術之風險、替代方案暨其利弊等事項,因而衍生之侵權行為爭議,本件判決將醫師之告知說明義務與後續無疏失之醫療行為進行切割,認為醫師違反告知後同意之告知說明義務,係侵害病人之自主決定權,就因此所生之增加生活支出損害及精神上痛苦之非財產上損害,認定醫師及其醫院應連帶負損害賠償責任。本文即以上開議題所涉及之請求權基礎及其訴訟標的、告知說明義務保護之法益、侵權責任審查標準及損害賠償的範圍,依序探討評析。

英文摘要

Informed consent and the obligation to disclose have been recently an issue with attention to the judiciary as well as the medical faculty. Not only being fulfilled with the ethical feature, they involve in the disputes about evolutional judgment in medical praxis and the standards for judging. The case in hand is about a physician who didn’t fully disclose the risk of the operation, the alternatives and their advantages as well as disadvantages. An issue about tort is then the consequence. In the judgment in hand, the physician’s obligation to disclose was divided from the medical treatment without negligence. It violates the patient’s autonomy that the physician broke the obligation to disclose, according to which an informed consent was necessary. The physician with the hospital jointed shall have the liability to compensate for the patient’s damage that the living expenses increased and for the spiritual suffering as the non-pecuniary damage. The topics above concerning the claim rights, the subject matter of action, the legal interests of the obligation to disclose, the review standard for the tort liability and the range of the compensation would be discussed and analyzed one by one in the essay in hand.

起訖頁

057-073

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020080046005  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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