篇名

法院未採納連續縱火犯之精神鑑定結果   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Court Didn't Take the Psychiatry Assessment of the Commitment of Series Arsons

作者
中文摘要

被告於2017年至2018年間,陸續犯下非現住建造物放火、現住建造物放火、器物損壞與業務妨害等罪名,於原審靜岡地方法院認為,被告於放火時仍具有責任能力。縱然醫師鑑定報告指出,被告患有「病態縱火症」而對是否犯罪有所影響,原審仍認為鑑定報告並未說明,被告之精神病影響或促成各個犯行的機制,以及其影響或促成程度。故被告以裁判員訴外接觸旁聽者而影響裁判公正性,以及原審對鑑定報告的事實誤認等理由,提起上訴。東京高等法院認為,原審已經盡力避免訴外接觸,且裁判員僅單方接受資訊,難謂有影響裁判公正性。對於原審不採鑑定報告,上訴審認為鑑定時間離犯行時間過遠、鑑定醫生未聚焦在犯行下當下的心理狀態、只以消去法判斷病態縱火症而未實質解釋該疾病對犯行的影響等,駁回被告上訴。

英文摘要

The accused committed an arson of an uninhabited building, an arson of an inhabited building, a property damage and a business interference between 2017 and 2018. Shizuoka District Court believed that the accused during the arsons still had the criminal responsibility, even though the accused suffered from the pathological arson according to the psychiatry assessment. Nevertheless the court insisted that it lacked explanation about the effect from the psychosis of the accused and its relationship with the committed crimes, and even the extent the psychosis caused. The accused filed an appeal on the ground of the affected impartiality because the judges had contacted with the audience and of the misunderstanding of the facts which was the object of the assessment. Tokyo High Court found that the original court had done everything to avoid the contact out of the procedure. Besides it was hard to say the impartiality of the judgment had been affected that the judges took information unilaterally. As to the assessment which wasn’t taken, the appeal court found that the moment the assessment made was too far from the time of the commitments. Without focusing on the mental status in the moment of committing, the psychiatrist diagnosed the syndrome of the pathological arson only by the elimination instead of material explanation how the syndrome had affected the commitment.

起訖頁

092-097

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020120050007  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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