篇名

提審法在新冠肺炎疫情中的實踐與檢討【本期企劃】   免費試閱

並列篇名

An Examination of the Practice of the Habeas Corpus Act during the COVID-19 Epidenic

作者
中文摘要

2020年初起嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎蔓延全球,臺灣實施多種剝奪人身自由手段,包括將自特定地區返國者送往檢疫所「集中檢疫」、入境者實施「居家檢疫」、對確定病例實施「隔離治療」,以及對確定病例之接觸者實施「居家隔離」。傳染病防治法或嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎防治及紓困振興特別條例就此等剝奪人民身體自由措施,並未設置事前或事後法官保留審查程序,使聲請提審成為人民唯一的即時救濟管道。為了解提審制度在隔離與檢疫措施下所發揮之即時救濟功能與侷限,本文藉由搜尋司法院法學資料檢索系統,發現四例因旅館檢疫及隔離治療而聲請提審案例。分析法院裁定後發現,提審法固然提供人民即時救濟管道,但法院限縮拘禁定義、僅形式審查未開提審票、僅審查程序合法性而不及於拘禁的實質合法性,有使提審制度成為行政機關隔離或檢疫措施的橡皮圖章之虞。

英文摘要

Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in early 2020, the state has adopted a variety of measures to restrict or deprive personal freedom, including “centralized quarantine” on “home quarantine” for travelers, “isolation treatment” for confirmed cases, and “home isolation” for contacts of confirmed cases. The Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Law or the Special Act for Prevention, Relief and Revitalization Measures for Severe Pneumonia with Novel Pathogens does not require pre-or post judicial review for these measures that restrict people’s physical freedom, making filing a petition for a writ of habeas corpus the only immediate relief for the people detained. To understand to what extent the writ of habeas corpus provides relief to the people affected by isolation and quarantine measures during the COVID-19 pandemic, this article searched the Judicial Yuan’s judgment system and found four petition cases requesting release. After analyzing the courts’ ruling, it is found that although the Habeas Corpus Act provides people with immediate relief, the system has a tendency to become a rubber stamp for administrative isolation or quarantine measures since the court improperly narrowed the definition of detention, only examines the formality without issuing an arraignment ticket, and examines the legality of the procedure rather than the substantive elements of the detention.

起訖頁

038-058

出版單位
DOI

10.53106/241553062021100060003  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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