篇名

食安在日本:議題與挑戰   免費試閱

並列篇名

Food Safety in Japan: Issues and Challenges

中文摘要

2003年,日本制定了食品安全基本法並引入食品安全管理的風險分析方法。此後,風險評估從風險管理中被區隔出來,內閣府並新立了食品安全委員會作為食安風險評估的組織。食品安全委員會由委員會、企劃委員會、專門調查會及事務局組成。委員會的成員包括7名委員,而企劃委員會及專門調查會作為其次級組織。事務局則提供作業服務來支援食品安全委員會及其成員的活動。食品安全委員會的主要任務為根據科學證據評估食品中對人體健康的潛在風險,如微生物及化學物質等。評估的執行主要來自風險管理部門的要求,但亦有部分是自發性的「自我評估」。自成立以來,食品安全委員會已完成超過2200件風險評估,且發布了這些結果報告。食品安全委員會參與了食安的風險傳播,特別主導了將風險評估的結果傳遞予大眾,以及將食品安全的相關科學基礎知識與資訊散布出去,並發起各種活動來到達傳播目的。除此之外,其責任還包括實行研究及調查計畫來收集風險評估的必要證據,根據評估結果向相關政府部門作出建議,以及與風險管理部門合作、在食安緊急事件發生時作出回應等。食品安全委員會將以下三個主題作為未來目標:一、計畫並發展新的風險評估方法;二、挑戰新的評估主題,如食物過敏;三、實行更多策略性風險傳播。

英文摘要

In 2003, Food Safety Basic Act was established and Japan has introduced the risk analysis approach to food safety administration. As a result, risk assessment was separated from risk management and Food Safety Commission, (FSC), was newly established within the Cabinet Of f ice, as a risk assessment organization in the area of food safety. FSC is composed of the Commission, Planning Committee, Scientific Panels, and the Secretariat. The Commission comprises of seven commissioners and it has Planning Committee and Scientific Panels as its subordinate structure. The secretariat supports the activities of FSC by providing operational services to the commissioners and the Committee / Panel members. FSC’s primary task is to assess a risk to human health posed by a hazard contained in food, such as microorganisms and chemicals, based on scientific evidences. Its assessment is mainly conducted in response to requests from risk managers, but some of them are conducted as “self-tasking” assessment on its own initiative. Since the establishment, it has completed more than 2,200 risk assessments and published the results as the reports. FSC takes part in food safety risk communication. FSC is particularly in charge of communicating its risk assessment results to the public and disseminating information on food safety, including basic scientific knowledge, and is committed to fulfilling its role in risk communication through various activities. In addition, implementing research and survey program to collect necessary evidences for risk assessment, making recommendations to relevant ministries based upon assessment results as necessary, and responding to foodborne emergencies in coordination with risk managers are also FSC’s responsibilities. FSC recognizes the following three subjects as its future tasks: Planning and development of new risk assessment methodologies; challenging new assessment topics such as food allergy; and implementing more strategic risk communication.

起訖頁

105-119

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062017040006006  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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