A Study on the Expanding Medical Liability and Medical Dispute Resolution in an Aging Society
According to population study, Taiwan will soon become the “aged society” and will become the “hyper-aged society” in 2025 which means that the elderly population reach to 20%. Moreover, the population of mental and physical disabilities was increasing in the past decade. For example, the population of chronic mental disables over 65 years old (including dementia elderly patients) increased from 7237 in 2006 to 16798 in 2016. In the next six years, elderly patients will increase from 60 per day up to about 85 per day. The more and more heavy pressure of taking care elderly patients not only impacts their family but also medical care institutions elderly patients may have danger in swallowing and falling, thus there are many accidents happened in hospitals. Furthermore, there is a “sociality admission” phenomenon that their family wishes elderly patients to stay in the hospital because their family are not capable to take care of them. Nowadays, we do not have sufficient medical resources to confront with this problem. If all family send elderly patient in medical institution, it may either increase the pressure and responsibilities to medical professionals and put elderly patients in a worse situation. Thus, this article will start with a case of an elderly patients die from swallowing when in he was in hospital within the admission period, and then go to the discussion of responsibility of medical professionals and institutions and relating policy.