篇名

院檢壟斷鑑定與被告私請鑑定   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Monopoly on Requesting of Expert Witness from the Court and Public Prosecutor v. Private Expert Witness from the Defendant

作者
中文摘要

現行鑑定制度係由院檢壟斷,全無被告或被害人參與,對於被告或被害人為自己辯護或主張權利之空間,造成不利的影響,極為不當。目前實務已有私請鑑定經兩造同意後即有證據能力之見解,且再審程序修法後,若有新的鑑定方法重啟鑑定,可以得到有利被告的結果,即構成再審理由。因此,為增列除錯機制,賦予被告鑑定防禦權,應允許私請鑑定並承認其鑑定結果有證據能力。此外,在開放私人委託民間鑑定人或機構受理鑑定外,應建立民間鑑定人或機構評鑑機制,且應全盤檢討政府鑑定機關或機構接受囑託之規定,有些民間鑑定人或鑑定機構無法鑑定之事項,應允許由政府鑑定機關或機構加以鑑定。

英文摘要

There is no room for the defendants and the victims to request for an expert witness according to the current law which only endowed the court and public prosecutor with the right to request. The monopoly on requesting for an expert witness is extremely inappropriate and harmful to the defendants and the victims of their rights to self-defense and other claims. However, there has been judicial opinions which admit the expert witness requested from the defendants as evidence with the agreement of both parties. If there is a new method of examination which leads to favorable consequences for the defendant, there exist grounds for rehearing after the amendment of rehearing proceeding. Therefore, we should allow private expert witness and admit it as evidence in order to increase debugging mechanisms and endow the defendant with the right to defend by expert witness. Furthermore, we should establish evaluation mechanisms of civil expert witness or institution and completely review related regulations of governmental authentication authority (institution), as we allow private expert witness. For those civil expert witness or institution are incapable of handling, we should leave them to the governmental authentication authority or institution.

起訖頁

133-138

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062018090023011  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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