Rethinking the Proactive Vaccine Policy: A Discussion of Human Rights and Criminal Liability
This article focuses on the vaccine policy in French. Basic on the code of public health in French, children born after 1st Jan, 2018 should accept 11 vaccines against infectious diseases. On the contrary, children who don’t obey this policy will be prohibited to nurseries, schools and camps, while their parents will be imprisoned and fined. However, this policy may interrupt human rights, especially patients’ autonomy. In terms of Theory of Criminal Law, the penalty of imprisonment or fine toward parents might violate the ultima ratio of penalty.