The Opportunities and Challenges for Residents to Be Included in the Labor Standard Act
From September 2019, some residents will have unprecedented protections from Labor Standards Act. This article begins with the survey results of “The Improvement Awards and Counseling Program of Working Hours of Residents” by the Department of Health and Welfare, and cites the positive changes that may be brought about before and after the application of Labor Standards Act. Then, the differences between the applicable status of doctors from the current Labor Standard Act will be reviewed, because of that may cause inequality. Furthermore, the current Labor Standard Act flattens the definition of “working hours,” so that the emerging occupational category (taking physicians as an example) may face many application challenges. Finally, the author believes that the “group agreement,” which based on the trade union, is most likely to work out the labor conditions that meet the needs of both employer and employee, therefore the maintenance of medical quality and the protection of labor rights can be simultaneously taken into account.