篇名

一切皆必要?重新檢視隔離及檢疫手段之權力與界限   免費試閱

並列篇名

All Taken as Necessary? Re-examine the Power and Restrains of Isolation and Quarantine

作者
中文摘要

隔離及檢疫是人類自古以來即有的防疫手段,但因對人身自由產生嚴重干擾,國家的運用權力應受到限制。針對SARS時「隔離」手段合憲性作成的司法院第690號解釋,要求檢討決定機關、程序、期限、即時救濟等內容傳染病防治法10年來並未增訂,現在嚴重特殊傳染性肺炎防治及紓困振興特別條例又擴張實施必要處置之權力,如同形成一切皆必要的空白權力。本文先從學理上分類基礎說明隔離及檢疫手段差異及運用要件,分析運用此類手段之倫理兩難及規範挑戰,再檢討目前防治新冠肺炎經驗中所呈現的法制缺陷。建議應明確定義不同手段、確立有權機關及提供適當程序保障。

英文摘要

Isolation and quarantine are ancient measures for human to control the spread of communicable diseases. Since they seriously interference with personal freedom, the state ’s power should be restrained. In response to the constitutionality of the “isolation” used during the SARS epidemic, Judicial Yuan Interpretation No. 690 required the review of the authority, procedures, length, immediate relief and other contents of the Communicable Disease Control Act. These requests to review were not acted upon in the last ten years, and now the Special Act on COVID-19 Prevention, Relief and Restorations expand the power to take all necessary measures, granting the blank power to the state. This article firstly explains the differences and application requirements of isolation and quarantine from a theoretical basis, analyzes the ethical dilemmas and legal challenges of using such measures, and then reviews the current legal defects showed in the process of preventing COVID-19. It is recommended that the law should establish logical and consistent definition of different measures, clear authority and appropriate procedural protection.

起訖頁

052-070

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020050043005  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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