篇名

從精神科醫師角度看殺警案──重大精神疾病之暴力風險探討   免費試閱

並列篇名

The Perspectives of a Psychiatrist for the Police-killing Case on Railroad: The Violence Risks of Violence for Major Mental Illness

作者
中文摘要

於多數現代國家的刑法體系中,因精神疾病或心智功能障礙,導致行為人之責任能力有所缺損時,多設有明文減、免當事人刑罰之規定。但對於重大精神病患的暴力風險,非精神醫療專業人員往往有相當程度的偏見與對精神疾病的汙名化。而相關社會重大暴力事件的發生,亦將因此引發輿論對於法庭判決、精神鑑定、法庭制度甚至延伸到對刑事司法體系的不滿。惟相關爭議的源頭,有很大的部分來自於對重大精神疾病在暴力風險的無知與誤解。經由相關實證研究的探討,可以清楚地發現重大精神疾病本身並沒有特別嚴重的暴力問題,而其主要的風險指標,可能與反社會人格、物質濫用、特定妄想及負面情緒有較高度的相關性。

英文摘要

In most modern countries’ criminal law systems, where mental illness or mental dysfunction leads to a loss of the criminal responsibility, there is often an explicit reduction or exemption of the actors’ penalty. However, the non-psychiatric professional opinions often have a considerable degree of prejudice and stigmatization of mental illnesses regarding the risk of violence for major mental illnesses. The occurrence of major violence from mentally disabled suspects often leads to public dissatisfaction with court decisions, psychiatric forensic assessments, the court system, and even the criminal justice system. However, the source of the controversy mostly comes from ignorance and misunderstanding of the risk of violence for major mental illnesses. Through the discussion of relevant empirical research, it can be clearly found that major mental illness itself does not have a particularly serious problem of violence, and the main risk indicators may be highly correlated with antisocial personality, substance abuse, and specific forms of delusions and negative emotions.

起訖頁

007-013

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020080046001  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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