The Role and Responsibilities of Mental Hospital in the Evolution of Mental Health Act: A Psychiatrist’s Observation
Psychiatric patients may cause risk to themselves and others due to illness progress, which need to be treated in a protective environment. The first edition of the Mental Health Act was implemented in the 1990. It sets out relevant regulations for “compulsory admission,” but it is obviously insufficient for the protection of patients’ human rights. Therefore, major revision of the Mental Health Act in the 2007 in order to protect patients’ treatment quality and human rights. Other specifications such as “hospital assessments,” “institutional counseling visits,” and “organization setting standards” provide more detailed and clear institutional norms and responsibilities. With the introduction of the “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities” and the “deinstitutionalization” concept, the role of the mental health institutions may transform from a large admitted hospital to “institutional support,” which combine local community resources to provide multiple services such as medical treatment, rehabilitation and referral for mental patients.