篇名

被迫遷徙:人們所面臨的健康危機

並列篇名

Forced Migration, The Human Face of a Health Crisis

中文摘要

2014年有接近6000萬的難民、尋求庇護者、國內流離失所者逃離其家園,主要來自受戰爭影響的敘利亞、阿富汗、索馬利亞等國。全球對於協助這些弱勢族群的回應,完全不足以因應其在被迫遷徙過程中的每個階段所面臨的重大健康危害。而絕大多數收容這些被迫遷徙者的是低所得國家,其欠缺必要的基礎建設來協助這些穿越國界眾多人們,而被尋求幫助的人道救援組織則嚴重欠缺經費與資源。各國基於國際法上的各種責任,有義務來保護這些來自各個階層與背景的被迫遷徙者,然而在現有條約上卻存有巨大的間隙,使得許多人無法受到保護或欠缺得到援助的希望。因此有必要來強化現有的國際條約,以確保所有不同階級與背景的被迫遷徙者能夠獲得保護,並確保那些拒絕履行其現存義務的政府能夠受到制裁。

英文摘要

Nearly sixty million refugees, asylum-seekers and internally displaced persons (IDPs) fled their homes in 2014, predominately from war-torn Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia. The global response to assisting this vulnerable group has been wholly incommensurate with the need given the profound health hazards faced by forced migrants at each stage of their journey. The majority of forced migrants are housed in lower-income countries that do not have the infrastructure to assist the significant numbers of individuals who are crossing their borders and the humanitarian organizations who seek to assist in the response are grossly underfunded and under-resourced. Countries have varying responsibilities to protect different classes of forced migrants based in international law, however there are significant gaps in existing agreements, leaving many individuals without protection or hope of assistance. There is a need to strengthen existing international agreements to ensure that all classes of forced migrants are entitled to protection and to ensure the enforceability of existing agreements where governments refuse to honor their existing obligations.

起訖頁

079-086

出版單位
DOI

10.3966/241553062020060044007  複製DOI  DOI查詢

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